XQuery [query()]: Attribute may not appear outside of an element

Error Message:
Msg 2396, Level 16, State 1, Line 7
XQuery [query()]: Attribute may not appear outside of an element

Severity level:

This error message appears when in an XQuery an attribute appears outside of an element.

The T-SQL statement can be parsed, but causes the error at runtime.

Errors of the Severity level 16 are generated by the user and can be fixed by the SQL Server user. The statement cannot be run this way. You can not access attributes this way.

This error message was introduced with SQL Server 2005.

DECLARE @xml xml;
SET @xml = ”;
DECLARE @index int;
SELECT @xml.query(‘

In the above example we try to access the @integer attribute in an invalid way. This raises the error.


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