Views in SQL Server

View

A view is a virtual table that consists of columns from one or more tables. Though it is similar to a table, it is stored in the database. It is a query stored as an object. Hence, a view is an object that derives its data from one or more tables. These tables are referred to as base or underlying tables.

Once you have defined a view, you can reference it like any other table in a database.

A view serves as a security mechanism. This ensures that users are able to retrieve and modify only the data seen by them. Users cannot see or access the remaining data in the underlying tables. A view also serves as a mechanism to simplify query execution. Complex queries can be stored in the form as a view, and data from the view can be extracted using simple queries.

Example

Consider the Publishers table below. If you want users to see only two columns in the table, you can create a view called vwPublishers that will refer to the Publishers table and the two columns required. You can grant Permissions to users to use the view and revoke Permissions from the base Publishers table. This way, users will be able to view only the two columns referred to by the view. They will not be able to query on the Publishers table.

Publishers

Publd

PubName

City

State

Country

0736

New Moon Books

Boston

MA

USA

0877

Binnet & Hardly

Washington

DC

USA

1389

Algodata Infosystems

Berkeley

CA

USA

1622

Five Lakes Publishing

Chicago

IL

USA

VW Publishers

Publd

PubName

0736

New Moon Books

0877

Binnet & Hardly

1389

Algodata Infosystems

1622

Five Lakes Publishing

Views ensure the security of data by restricting access to the following data:

  • Specific rows of the tables.
  • Specific columns of the tables.
  • Specific rows and columns of the tables.
  • Rows fetched by using joins.
  • Statistical summary of data in a given tables.
  • Subsets of another view or a subset of views and tables.

Some common examples of views are:

  • A subset of rows or columns of a base table.
  • A union of two or more tables.
  • A join of two or more tables.
  • A statistical summary of base tables.
  • A subset of another view, or some combination of views and base table.


Creating Views

A view can be created by using the CREATE VIEW statement.

Syntax

CREATE VIEW view_name
[(column_name[,column_name]….)]
[WITH ENCRYPTION]
AS select_statement [WITH CHECK OPTION]

Where:

view_name specifies the name of the view and must follow the rules for identifiers.

column_name specifies the name of the column to be used in view. If the column_name option is not specified, then the view is created with the same columns as specified in the select_statement.

WITH ENCRYPTION encrypts the text for the view in the syscomments table.

AS specifies the actions that will be performed by the view.

select_statement specifies the SELECT Statement that defines a view. The view may use the data contained in other views and tables.

WITH CHECK OPTION forces the data modification statements to fulfill the criteria given in the SELECT statement defining the view. It also ensures that the data is visible after the modifications are made permanent.

The restrictions imposed on views are as follows:

  • A view can be created only in the current database.
  • The name of a view must follow the rules for identifiers and must not be the same as that of the base table.
  • A view can be created only if there is a SELECT permission on its base table.
  • A SELECT INTO statement cannot be used in view declaration statement.
  • A trigger or an index cannot be defined on a view.
  • The CREATE VIEW statement cannot be combined with other SQL statements in a single batch.

Example

CREATE VIEW vwCustomer
AS
SELECT CustomerId, Company Name, Phone
FROM Customers

Creates a view called vwCustomer. Note that the view is a query stored as an object. The data is derived from the columns of the base table Customers.

You use the view by querying the view like a table.

SELECT *FROM vwCUSTOMER

The output of the SELECT statement is:

CustomerId

Company Name

Phone

ALFKI

Alfreds Futterkiste

030-0074321

ANTON

Antonio Moreno Taqueria

(5)555-3932

(91 rows affected)

Continues…

Pages: 1 2 3




Related Articles :

  • No Related Articles Found

No comments yet... Be the first to leave a reply!

Software Reviews | Book Reviews | FAQs | Tips | Articles | Performance Tuning | Audit | BI | Clustering | Developer | Reporting | DBA | ASP.NET Ado | Views tips | | Developer FAQs | Replication Tips | OS Tips | Misc Tips | Index Tuning Tips | Hints Tips | High Availability Tips | Hardware Tips | ETL Tips | Components Tips | Configuration Tips | App Dev Tips | OLAP Tips | Admin Tips | Software Reviews | Error | Clustering FAQs | Performance Tuning FAQs | DBA FAQs |