Cannot schema bind %S_MSG ‘%.*ls’ because name ‘%.*ls’ is invalid for schema binding. Names must be in two-part format and an object cannot reference itself.

Error Message:
Msg 4512, Level 16, State 3, Procedure MyOrderView, Line 4
Cannot schema bind %S_MSG ‘%.*ls’ because name ‘%.*ls’ is invalid for schema binding. Names must be in two-part format and an object cannot reference itself.

Severity level:
16.

Description:
This error message appears when you try to create a indexed view that contains a more than two parts column reference.

Consequences:
The T-SQL statement can be parsed, but causes the error at runtime.

Resolution:
Errors of the Severity Level 16 are generated by the user and can be fixed by the SQL Server user. The statement cannot be executed this way. A column reference can only be two-parted at most.

Versions:
All versions of SQL Server.

Example(s):
USE tempdb;
GO
SET NUMERIC_ROUNDABORT OFF;
SET ANSI_PADDING,
    ANSI_WARNINGS,
    CONCAT_NULL_YIELDS_NULL,
    ARITHABORT,
    QUOTED_IDENTIFIER,
    ANSI_NULLS ON;
GO

IF OBJECT_ID (‘dbo.MyOrderView’, ‘View’) > 0
   DROP VIEW dbo.MyOrderView;
GO
CREATE VIEW dbo.MyOrderView
WITH SCHEMABINDING
AS
SELECT TOP 100 od.UnitPrice*od.Quantity AS Revenue,
    o.OrderDate, od.ProductID
  FROM Northwind.dbo.[Order Details] AS od
  JOIN Northwind.dbo.Orders AS o
    ON od.OrderID = o.OrderID
 ORDER BY o.OrderDate
GO

CREATE UNIQUE CLUSTERED INDEX cix_MyOrderView
    ON dbo.MyOrderView (OrderDate, ProductID);
GO

Remarks:
In the above example we try to use the three part object reference Northwind.dbo.Orders and Northwind.dbo.[Order Details]. This raises the error.




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