Bridge The Gap between Bing and Google Maps using SSIS

Overview: Business
Intelligence (BI) is a much known term in comparison to the term Spatial
Intelligence (SI). Spatial Intelligence is not limited to just space agencies,
in fact it’s used day to day by many of us. A simple example can be analyzing
usage of your blog from different parts of the world. By analyzing the tracking
report on a geographical map from services like Google Analytics, one would be
able to derive that which part of the globe, in what magnitude, is interested in
any particular topic on one’s website. Geocoded data is one of the standard
formats for making free form text based location data consumable by applications
that are powered using spatial data.

Web based map services providers are not just limited to Bing Maps or Google
Maps, and there are more players in this league. Also Geocoding and Reverse
Geocoding are not the only services used by applications that consume geospatial
data. In Spatial Intelligence parlance, there are a variety of services
available, and it’s just that in business intelligence focused areas, we find a
good use of geocoding based services. Those who are curious to learn about the
web based map service providers and a comparison of features and services
offered by them, can read a very nice comparison available on wikipedia from here.

Objective: In my viewpoint, IT
cannot work in isolation and in the same way, organization need to use MS
BI tools with spatial service providers other than Bing maps. Google maps
has a similarly large user base, and considering different perspectives, two
factors are very important in keeping MS BI and Google maps in alignment:

1) MS BI should be able to consume services provided by Google Maps for fuelling
applications that deal with Spatial Intelligence.

2) Google Maps uses KML (Keyhole Markup Language) format and Bing Maps support
GML (Geography Markup Language) format to the best of my knowledge. If MS BI
tools are to be used with both these services and data formats simultaneously, a
intermediary translation framework would be required for MS BI Tools to benefit
from the services provided by Bing and Google (both) as service providers.

In this article, our objective is to use SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS)
as a medium to facilitate the above mentioned points.

Key Factors influencing Design: Before
we start the implementation exercise, there are certain points to keep in view
which would help to understand the design decision behind this implementation
approach.

1) Geocoding related services like Geocoding and Reverse Geocoding are primarily used for encoding or decoding spatial data in SQL Server. These services are
provided by both Bing and Google. For those who are not aware of geocoding and
reverse geocoding, geocoding is the process of converting text based location
information to co-ordinates based on any spatial reference system e.g. latitudes
and longitudes. And reverse geocoding is the process of deriving text based
address information from those co-ordinates.

2) If we store a response received from Bing or Google Maps in a common structure
based on the same spatial reference system, it will implicitly make the data
compliant for consumption by both these services. In simple words, say we have a
field of geography data type, we extract latitude and longitude values by making
geocoding request to any one of the providers and store this data in the field
of geography data type, we can extract the same values and make a reverse
geocoding request to another service provider.

By this the gap of different data formats used by different service providers
would be bridged and applications can benefit with the option of using different
service provider for catering the spatial servicing needs of their data.

3) Google Maps API is a web based service and not a webservice, which means
functionally it is a service provided over the web but technically it is not
available in the form of a webservice. So there’s no WSDL (Web Service
Description Language) associated with it. Effectively one cannot make request to
these services in the way we make requests to webservices. For example, Google
geocode service is implemented as a HTTP based web request and we pass
parameters in the form of query string parameters like parameters are passed in
any web based querystring.

4) Google Maps web services return response in JSON or XML format, depending
upon the format specified in the request. There are different dedicated URLs for
each response type. XML is one of the better choices as it’s easy to store and
parse by SQL Server and SSIS. A response in JSON (Javascript Object
Notation) format is more suited for parsing with Javascript on a web page.

Environment Setup: We will
develop an SSIS package to make a geocode request to the Google Maps geocode web
service, extract the latitude and longitude from  the response, create a Point
object using these values and then store these in a field of the geography data type.
For the this  we need to be ready with two artifacts.

1) To use Google Maps web services, we need to sign up for the
service. Upon
registration, we will  be provided with a unique key that allows the service
to identify the user of the request. So sign up for the this  from this here, and save your
private key which acts as your client id.

2) We need a dataset that we use to make
a request for geocoding. Create any
table that would contain a  location address unique enough to test
for our demo application. For the purposes of this simple demonstration, I will use the dataset we
created in
Part II of BI-Satellite project as shown in the below screenshot,
where the Location field is of geography datatype.

Continues…

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