SQL Server Performance Tuning

How to Detect Table Fragmentation in SQL Server 2000 and 2005

How do you know when a table is fragmented? Poor query performance over time. More disk activity. Poor cache utilization. Verify the I/O of a query. Verify scan density in SQL 2000 using DBCC SHOWCONTIG and in SQL 2005 using the dynamic management view sys.dm_db_index_physical_stats. Table fragmentation can occur when modifying data with INSERT, UPDATE, […]

Techniques for Indexing Low-Selectivity Columns in SQL Server

Most of us have probably faced this situation at one time or another: there’s a deceptively simple query in your system that’s performing poorly: SELECT col1, col2, col3 FROM aLargeTable WHERE flag = 1 On the surface, this seems like an easy thing to solve. Looking closer, though, it’s likely that our offending “flag” column […]

Ranking Functions and Performance in SQL Server 2005

Ranking functions, introduced in SQL Server 2005, are a great enhancement to Transact-SQL. Many tasks, like creating arrays, generating sequential numbers, finding ranks, and so on, which in pre-2005 versions requires many lines of code, now can be implemented much easier and faster. Let’s look at the syntax of ranking functions: ROW_NUMBER () OVER ([<partition_by_clause>] […]

Practical Solution to SQL Server Performance Monitoring

The list of common DBA tasks includes setting up a server performance base line and comparing the performance of two or more servers. We often have to do this urgently when our customer calls and expects us to identify and remove a performance bottleneck right away. The following article includes code and hands-on instruction on […]

System and Storage Configuration for SQL Server

A proper, technically correct system and storage sizing assessment of a SQL Server system and storage configuration needs to consider a broad range of CPU, memory and IO usage analysis. The cost of this assessment might be $10-20K with proper accounting for personnel time, depending on the availability of an existing production environment from which […]

SQL Server Performance: Query Tuning vs. Process Tuning

In the different projects where I perform a performance audit or am involved in performance tuning, I often find that while queries and stored procedures function correctly, they are not efficient in processing larger data sets. Many OLTP databases are set up as OLAP databases to handle single records instead of a record set as […]

Boost Performance and Reduce Code Use With SQL Server Aggregate Functions

Aggregate functions, a staple means of summarizing large volumes of data for serious database developers, are mainly used for generating business data reports. Aggregate functions allow you to retrieve summarized information from a table by operating on a set of data as a whole rather than on each data element. These functions contribute to keeping […]

Clustered Indexes in SQL Server: Things You Need to Know

This article covers a few, more advanced topics about the usage of clustered indexes in SQL Server. Not only will I try to convince you of the absolute necessity of using clustered indexes, I’ll also give you some tips on how to use them in a not so obvious context. Why You Need Clustered Indexes! […]

How to Set Up a SQL Server Stress Test Environment in 8 Steps: Lessons From the Field

This article is the third in a series of four where I share my findings on baselining, monitoring, stress testing and performance tuning. It builds on the foundations of my previous articles on baselining and monitoring. Having a monitoring system in place is an important step in making you feel comfortable with what goes on […]

Using Master..Sysprocesses to Isolate Performance Issues – Part 1

It’s 4:30 P.M. on Friday and your boss comes to you in a panic. The e-commerce system is down, and the database is to blame. You go through your usual what’s-going-on checklist and all you can tell is the CPU on the SQL Server is pegged at 100 percent. You check Profiler, but no high […]
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